Why are women living longer than men?

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. What’s the reason women are more likely to live longer than men? What is the reason has this advantage gotten larger over time? We only have partial evidence and the evidence is not sufficient to reach an absolute conclusion. We know that behavioral, biological and environmental factors play a role in the fact that women are healthier than men; however, we aren’t sure what the contribution of each of these factors is.

We have learned that women are living longer than men, regardless of their weight. However this is not due to the fact that certain non-biological aspects have changed. These variables are evolving. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Others are more complex. For Endcheat.cf/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=glorynote.com (relevant resource site) example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men

The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that every country is above the diagonal parity line , this means that in all countries that a baby girl can be expected to live for longer than a new boy.1

This chart shows that, while there is a female advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries could be significant. In Russia, women live 10 years longer than males. In Bhutan, the difference is less that half a year.

__S.17__

__S.19__

The female advantage in life expectancy was much lower in the richer countries that it is today.

Let’s examine how the female longevity advantage has changed over time. The next chart shows male and female life expectancy at birth in the US from 1790 to 2014. Two areas stand out.

First, there’s an upward trend. Men and women in the US are living much, much longer than they did 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is growing: Although the advantage of women in life expectancy was once very small but it has risen significantly over time.

It is possible to verify that these points are also applicable to other countries that have information by clicking on the “Change country” option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan.